THE MEXICAN MAFIA TIMELINE – brought to you by

It all started with the birth of La Eme leaders in the 1920s

April 24, 1923

Henry “Hank” Leyva born in Tuscon, Arizona.

April 10, 1929

Joe “Pegleg” Morgan born.


1st generation “Originals” of Hoyo Maravilla gang forms.


2nd generation “Cherries” of Hoyo Maravilla gang forms.

December 1941

Henry “Hank” Leyva, Joe Valenzuela and Jack Melendez all members from 38th street gang in

Long Beach arrested on suspicion of armed robbery. Charges dropped against Joe Valenzuela and Jack Melendez but Leyva is rebooked on a charge of assault with a deadly weapon. Leyva pled guilty and received a 3 month county jail term.

August 2, 1942

Gang fight involving 38th street gang from Long Beach and a Downey gang results in the death

of Jose Diaz.

January 13, 1943

11 members of the 38th street gang are sentenced to prison for the murder of Jose Diaz.

June 3, 1943

The Zoot Suite Riots erupt in Los Angeles. Many blame the racial tension in the city as a result of the

treatment hispanics were subjected to while they searched for the killers of Jose Diaz.

October 4, 1943

District Court of Appeals dismisses the case against the members of the 38th st., and orders them

freed from custody.


Joe Morgan [Maravilla gang] beats the husband of his 32 year old girlfriend to death and buries

the body in a shallow grave. While awaiting trial he escapes using the identification papers of a

fellow inmate awaiting transfer to a forestry camp. He is recaptured and sentenced to 9 years at

San Quentin.


South Ontario Black Angels gang is formed. The gang takes its name from a popular comic book

of the time. Frank “Mosca” Castrejon is amoung the founders.


A.-Mexican Mafia forms at the Duel Vocational Institute at Tracey, California. Originally

consists of 13 core members.

B.-Joe Morgan is released on parole after 9 years behind bars.

C.-The group’s legend begins attracting new members.


Morgan is returned to prison after a brazen machine gun robbery of a West Covina bank.


Authorities note an escalation in violent crimes committed by Los Angeles Hispanic gang



San Francisco gang member Michael ‘Hacha’ Ison is committed to California youth authority after

he and his brother attack a barber with a baseball bat.

February 13, 1958

Reuben Ramos (20) and Lorenzo Castro (18) kidnap and shoot George Rodriquez (13) and

Gerald De Lao members of a rival gang. De Lao was killed in the attack.

May 13, 1958

Los Angeles Sheriff’s deputy Ned Lovretovich is stabbed in court after offering testimony in the

murder robbery trial of Gregory H. Valenzuela and Augustin Acosta two gang members from

East Los Angeles.


Mexican Mafia members murder guard at San Quentin

December 23, 1959

16 year old Rudy Cadena begins serving a prison sentence for second degree murder at the Chino

Institute for men..


Eme begins spreading throughout the California prison system..


A.-Michael ‘Hacha’ Ison enters the California

prison after a conviction for assault with a deadly


B.-Joe Morgan leads 11 inmates in a jail break

from the L.A., county jail. He had been called as a

witness in a trial involving the murder of another



Ison acquires the nickname killer after murdering

inmate Thomas Dever on behalf of the Mexican

Mafia in San Quentin.

July 14, 1963

Eme narcotics chief Harry Gamboa Buckley, 43,

Monterey Pak is arrested and charged with

heading a heroin ring which sold $40,000 worth

of pure heroin. In addition to Buckley, Mary

Gloria Ramirez, 28, Alhambra, Virginia Rivas

Garcia, 29, Charlotte O. Vasquez, 36 and Julian

Molano all of East Los Angeles were also held.


Mexican Mafia begins induction ceremony (blood oath)


California Department of Corrections reports the

Mexican mafia controls the yard at San Quentin

and has active chapters at Soledad and Folsom


November 7, 1967

San Quentin inmate Forrest W. Smith, 42, a

convicted burglar from Los Angeles is killed in

the prison hospital by convicted eme hitman

“Psycho” Leo Estrada Robles.

September 15 1968

Hector Padilla a gang member from northern

California is attacked after a confrontation with

Eme gang leader Robert “Robot” Salas [Big

Hazard] over a pair of shoes stolen by Eme

associate Carlos “Pieface” Ortega [Geraghty

Loma]. This “the third in a series of Eme led

attacks on Norteno associates and gang members

[Phillip Neri and Sonny Pena were killed


September 16 1968

In retaliation for the murders of Phillip Neri and

Sonny Pena and a near fatal attack on Hector

Padilla, Nuestra Familia launches a reprisal attack

on the Mexican Mafia at 2:30 pm. The final tally

left 11 wounded and 1 mafia member dead.

September 16 1968

In retaliation for the murders of Phillip Neri and

Sonny Pena and a near fatal attack on Hector

Padilla, Nuestra Familia launches a reprisal attack

on the Mexican Mafia at 2:30 pm. The final tally

left 11 wounded and mafia member Archie

Gallego, 25, dead.


Rudy “Cheyenne” Cadena begins correspondence

with members of the Latino political group the

Brown Berets.


A.-Mexican Mafia and Black Guerilla family

agree to a truce.

B.-Joe Moody prison gang investigator finds the

body of one of his female informants murdered in

Monterey Park, California. Pinned to her body

was a note with consisting of one word Eme.


A.-Rudy Cadena [Bakersfield gang member later

claimed East L.A’s Primera Flats] issues orders to

recently paroled Eme members to take over

federally funded drug programs operating in L.A.

barrios. The first target is the National Institute of

Mental Health’s Special Program for Alcohol

Abuse (SPAN) which was headquartered in


B.-Paroled Eme member Eduardo Z. Aguirre is

named executive director of League of United

Citizens to help Addicts [LUCHA].

C.-Cadena and Black Guerilla Family founder

George L. Jackson are targeted for their influence

over large groups of prisoners. Cadena publicly

calls for a reuniting of Latino inmates to fight the

system. Within the gang it becomes common

knowledge that Cadena hopes to unite the

Mexican Mafia and Nuestra Familia creating a

statewide criminal syndicate.

August 21, 1971

Jackson is murdered at San Quentin leaving

Cadena the states most outspoken prison reformist

from behind bars..

Late 1971

A.-Cadena is paroled to Los Angeles.

B.-Killer Mike Ison is convicted of second degree

murder for stabbing a fellow inmate 51 times in

the prison chapel at Folsom.

January 21, 1972

Carlos N. Rodriquez is killed by a shotgun blast

to the face fired from point blank range in


February 15, 1972

George “Poyo” Felix is stabbed more than 30

times by Eme hitmen in Los Angeles.

February 17, 1972

Ellen Delia is shot three times in the head and

dumped on the way to Sacramento where she was

scheduled to discuss the eme’s infiltration of a

state funded program.

March 16, 1972

Eme drop out Raymond Ochoa, 29, shot is found

bound and tied to a chair in his Commerce

apartment. He’d been shot to death a few feet

from his wife and teenage son.

April 3, 1972

Opening remarks are giving in the murder trial of

Mexican Mafia member Gilbert Sanchez, 30, of

Commerce. Sanchez was accused of killing Eme

drop out Raymond Ochoa, 29. Ochoa was shot in

his living room near his 13 year old son who lay

bound nearby.

April 21, 1972

Aryan Brotherhood members Fred S. Mendrin

and Donald C. Hale murders Nuestra Familia

member Fred Charles Castillo in Palm Hall at

Chino Institute for men, the hit is ordered by

Mexican Mafia leader Joe Morgan. The murder

reportedly seals a pact between the Aryan

Brotherhood and Mexican Mafia.

October 13, 1972

Gilbert “Shotgun” Sanchez is acquitted of

murdering Raymond Ochoa in his Commerce city

apartment on orders from Joe Morgan. Sanchez

was already serving a combined 150 year

sentence for 15 counts of armed robbery.

October 19, 1972

Nuestra Family member Leonard Arias brutally executed in California state prison in Tehachapi by La Eme

October 31, 1972

Rudy Cadena is returned to Chino Institute for

men as a parole violator.

December 12, 1972

Nuestra Familia members Santos and Gilbert

Arranda are stabbed in the inmate Reception and

Guidance center at Chino Institute for men.

December 18, 1972

Rudy Cadena is stabbed 70 times in Palm Hall at

Chino Institute for men by members of la Nuestra

Familia. Gilbert Sandoval and Steven Oropeza are

injured in the attack as well.


A.-36 inmate murders occured in behind bars in

1972, 30 of wich are attributed to the Mexican


B.-[LUCHA] Director Eduardo Aguirre flees to

Mexico with $146,000 of the groups funds after a

federal audit finds $300,000 in federal funds

missing from the groups cofers causing the

collapse of the program.

C.-Community concern ‘an L.A., based

community self help organization,’ recieves $ 1

million in federal funds. Ex-convict Rafael

‘Chispas’ Sandoval a man with ties to Italian

organized criminals including Jimmy Coppola is

the director. Sandoval also expanded Eme’s

political ties donating several hundred thousand

dollars to Richard Alatorre’s campaign for the

California assembly.

May 3, 1973

Gilbert Pedro Sanchez, 31 year old eme member

is acquitted in Los Angeles Superior Court on

charges relating to the murder of Raymond Ochoa

in Commerce.

November 11, 1973

Pat Duran a convicted car thief from San

Bernardino is stabbed in an exercise yard used by

inmates held under protective custody at San

Quentin. Duran had expressed concern for his

safety after a run in with an eme member.

November 22, 1973

Two San Quentin inmates are stabbed in seperate

incidents. Robert Tavluian, 28, from Los Angeles

is stabbed in San Quentin’s main yard at noon.

Tavluian suffered multiple stab wounds to the

chest but survived the attack. Thomas Gregory,

34, an inmate from San Francisco died of stab

wounds he received in the chow hall breakfast


June 1975

Morgan secures a contract with organized crime

figures which provides Eme with a half dozen

kilos of pure Mexican heroin in exchange for hits

on the streets of Los Angeles. The operation

“which runs from Juarez through Tiajuana into

Los Angeles, San Franccisco and Sacramento,”

nets the Mexican Mafia a profit of $60,000 per

week wholesale uncut.

October 1975

Mexican Mafia carries out triple homicide of three Nuestra Familia members in California state prison


A.-Michael Delia a paroled Eme member sets up

Project Get Going. The stated aim of the program

is to assist convicts re-adjust to to lving in society.

Delia’s program is launched by $228,000 worth of

government aide.

B.-Joe Morgan is released on parole. He is

quickly indicted on federal narcotics charges and

flees to Utah.

January 15, 1977

Robert Lewis special assistant to Senator Alex P.

Garcia (D-Los Angeles) is gunned down by Eme

members. Lewis was tied in with Michael Delia’s

Project Get Going.

January 16, 1977

Ysidro Trujillo a resident of Project Get Goings

halfway house is murdered in Los Angeles by

Eddie “The Sailor” Gonzales and Michael Delia.

February 1, 1977

Eme member Gibert Roybal is shot to death in his

Fresno home by Alfred “Alfie” Sosa, Daniel

“Choco” Montellano and Manuel Torres after

announcing his plans to defect from the gang. The

hit was ordered by Robert “Robot” Salas.

February 11, 1977

Bruno Chavez an Eme associate is stabbed to

death in Glassell Park by Alfred “Alfie” Sosa and

Raymond “Huero shy” Shyrock.

February 15, 1977

George “Poyo” Felix is killed in his Rosemead

home by Daniel “Choco” Montellano.

February 17, 1977

Michael Delia’s wife Ellen is shot to death in

Sacramento by Alfred “Alfie” Sosa and Eddie

“The Sailor” Gonzales both known Eme hitmen.

Delia’s murder was ordered by her husband

Michael who feared she would expose the illegal

affairs of Project Get Going.

February 20, 1977

Eme godfather Robert “Robot” Salas, Alfred

“Alfie” Sosa and Armando Varela are arrested in

Monterey Park and charged with possession of a

concealed weapon. Sosa and Salas are released on

bail but Varela remains in custody and begins cooperating

in the investigation of the murder of

Ellen Delia resulting in the re-arrest and filing of

murder charges against Salas for the murders of

Gilbert Roybal and Delia. Eddie “The Sailor”

Gonzales has also provided information in 9 Eme


March 26, 1977

Alfred “Alfie” Sosa is arrested and charged with

the murders of Ellen Delia and Gilbert Roybal.

Sosa was apprehended in Tiajuana, Mexico

April 22, 1977

Alfred “Alfie” Sosa, 33, Michael Anthony Delia, Albert Valles, 33, of Lawndale

and Daniel “Choco” Montellano and Raymond “Huero Shy” Shyrock, 25, both of

Los Angeles are all indicted by the Los Angeles grad jury for the murders of Robert

Mark Lewis, 51, of El Monte and Ysidro Trujillo, an alleged member of La eme.

Sosa and Shyrock were also indicted in the murder of Bruno Chavez, 29, in Glassell

Park. Valles and Montellano were charged in the deaths of eme member Gilbert

Roybal in Fresno and George “Poyo” Felix in Rosemead. Eme member Edward

“Sailor Boy” Conzales enter a plea of innocent to charges of heroin possession and

being an ex-convict in possession of a firearm.

July, 1977

Joe Morgan is captured in Utah, a charge of trafficking firearms is added to the

narcotics and fugitive warrants he was facing.

August 26, 1977

Peter Savas, 24, from Orange County F-Troop is shot and killed by tower guards

after he ignores a warning shot and continues to stab inmate James Williams, 31, of

San Diego in an incident linked to a string of racially charged incidents. Savas was

was aided in the attack by Ronald Hendricks, 25, aan inmate with ties to the Aryan


October 1977

Peter (Fury) Ojeda is assigned lordship over Orange County

May 15, 1978

Joe Morgan is sentenced to 5 years in state prison for being a felon in possession of

a firearm and transporting a rifle across state lines. 2 hours later in federal court he

is sentenced to serve 2 to 10 years in federal prison for possession of heroin.

Joseph “Red” Morgan.


Based on the testimony of Ramon “Mundo” Mendoza, Morgan is convicted of

second degree murder and sentenced to life in prison for the murder of an Eme

member who fell out of favor.

October 1978

Daniel Montellano released from jail after posting $100,000 in the Los Angeles

murder cases and another $150,000 in the Fresno case.

November 11, 1978

Inmate Thomas Trejo is stabbed to death at the Federal Correctional Institution at

Lompoc, California. An tutopsy reveals Trejo suffered 45 stab wounds. Eme

kingpin Adolpho “Champ” Reynoso, Pedro Flores and inmate Gouveia are later

sentenced to serve life plus 99 years in federal prison.

November 3, 1978

Investigation launched into the relationship of Judge Lenore Schreiber and Daniel

Montellano and Robert Salas after it is learned she has put money on the books for

both men at the county jail. Montellano had also lent the judge his car on at least

one occassion.

May 30,1979

Daniel “Choco” Montellano is charged with the murder of 17 year old Jerry

Granillo outside of Montellano’s Visalia apartment.

June 30,1982

Tito Marines Jr., best friend of Reuben T. Hernandez is found dead in southeast

Ontario. Marines murder was believed to have been a paid hit carried out on behalf

of Mary Lou Davilla Salazar a known drug dealer.

October 14,1984

Alfred Arthur Sandoval [Arizona Maravilla] shoots and kills Gilbert Martinez and

Anthony Aceves [Mariana Maravilla] a third victm “Manuel Torres survives the


October 31,1984

Ray and Marlene Wells are shot excecution style in their home in Belvedere Park.

Alfred Arthur Sandoval [Arizona Maravilla] is charged in these murders.

June 22,1987

Mary Lou Davilla Salazar, Lourdes Flores and Francisco Delgado Ortiz are found

slain in a home on Sunkist Street in Ontario.

June 25,1987

Reuben “Tupi” Hernandez high ranking Eme member is arrested in connection with

the Ontario murders.

July 19,1988

Reuben Tommy “Tupi” Hernandez is sentenced to 3 consecutive life terms plus 16

years in state prison for the murders of Salazar, Flores and Ortiz.

August 17,1990

Joe “Colorado Red” Ariaz excecutes Daniel Arriaga and Salvador Barrasa on the

order of Robert “Robot” Salas in Fontana. Arriaga owed $30,000 in taxes to the

Mexican Mafia.

April 27, 1991

Mexican Mafia members residing in California state prison at Oxford kill white supremacist gang leader Danny Sammons

June 12,1991

Joe “Colorado Red” Ariaz convicted of one count of first degree murder in the death

of Daniel Arriaga the jury failed to reach a verdict on the charge relating to the

death of Salvador Barrasa.

July 16,1991

Eme soldier Salvador “Mon” Buenrostro is stabbed 26 times in an interview room at

the Los Angeles county jail by Benjamin “Topo” Peters and Rene “Boxer”

Enriquez. Buenrostro was attacked for causing dissension within the group “he

made negative comments about Eme Godfather Joe Morgan.”

August 8,1991

Joe “Colorado Red” Ariaz sentenced to serve 29 years to life in state prison.


La Eme founder Luis (Huero Buff) Flores dies of heroin overdose


Deputy Edward Roman is stabbed in the Los Angeles county jail by a suspected

Eme member armed with the sharpened end of a broom handle. Deputies find a 4-

inch metal shank hidden in the rectum of Eme associate Eulalio Martinez. Martinez

is later killed for failing to carry out attacks against deputies at the county jail.

February 1992

American Me a film about Mexican Mafia icons Joe Morgan and Rudy Cadena is

released starring and directed by Edward James Olmos. The film offends Morgan

and a contract is issued to eliminate Olmos and Eme members who served as

advisors on the project.

March 1992

Charles “Charlie Brown” Manriquez a 53 year old Eme veterano is gunned down

while walking through Ramona Gardens. Manriquez had served as an advisor to

Olmos during the filming of American Me, authorities recovered an American Me

business card from one of his pockets.

May 13, 1992

Ana Lizarraga a Ramona Gardens gang counselor and consultant on the film

American Me is gunned down by Jose “Joker” Gilbert Gonzales [Big Hazard] a 29

year old parolee “out less than a month,” was apprehended fleeing the scene of the


February 6 1993

Jose Uribe, set to be a govt. witness, is stabbed 37 times in his cell in the high powered wing of the Los

Angeles county jail. Jorge Lopez and Joaquin Alvarado committed the murder to

curry favor with the Mexican mafia who had labeled Uribe a rata [informant].

March 12, 1993

Regino “The Bull” Deharo south Ontario gang member and recent parolee is

captured after a 50 mile televised chase which includes a car jacking and several

shots fired from the carjacked vehicle. The event started when Deharo, Robert

Garcia and Jesus Ochoa bungled a robbery at a home in Pomona. During the

televised chase Deharo wounded officer Roger Matthews.

Winter 1993

Mexican mafia emisary David “Smilon” Gallardo [Big Hazard] increases the

amount of tax the dudes of Hazard are required to pay as punishment for needlessly

harassing customers. His demand is met with resistance from several Hazard gang

members particularly Ricardo “Joker” Gonzalez and Humberto “Capone” Madrigal.

October 26, 1993

Eme godfather Joseph “Pegleg” Morgan is diagnosed with inoperable cancer. He is

transfered from Pelican to the prison ward at Corcoran.

November 9, 1993

Joe “Pegleg” Morgan dies of liver cancer at the age of 64. Morgan had spent his last

days in the prison hospital ward at Corcoran State prison. Benjamin “Topo” Peters

replaces Morgan as Eme godfather, Peters is challenged for control of the group by

Reuben “Tupi” Hernandez.

December 3, 1993

Ricardo “Rascal” Gonzalez found stabbed to death in the Ramona Gardens housing

project next to Smokey’s wall.

January 1994

Humberto “Capone” Madrigal is severely wounded near the Ramona Gardens

housing project. Madrigal initially identifies Smilon Gallardo as his assailant but

later retracts his statement.

February 1994

Gallardo and associate Juan “China Boy” Arias engage in a gun battle with Ricardo

“Richie” and Eduardo “Lalo” Soriano. Both Soriano brothers were severely

wounded and Arias suffered a wound to his hand.

March 1994

Ernest “Chuco” Castro [Vario Nuevo Estrada] a feared Eme assassin begins

cooperating with authorities leading to the arrest of 21 Eme members later in the


April 1995

A.-Eme Godfather Benjamin “Topo” Peters ends the conflict between Gallardo and

Big Hazard arranging a peace agreement which led to Gallardo’s removal of the

Green light on Big Hazard in appreciation for Joker Gonzalez’s murder of Anna

Lizarraga. Rascal Gonzalez was Joker’s brother.

B.-Assisted by Ernest “Chuco” Castro, 12 Eme members are arrested at the La

Mirada Holiday Inn.

April 22, 1995

Eme defector Anthony Moreno and 4 other members of his family are killed by

Richard Valdez, Jose Ortiz, Daniel Logan and Jimmy Palma on the order of

Raymond “Huero Shy” Shyrock and Luis “Big Homie” Maciel.

May 1, 1995

22 members and associates of the Mexican Mafia are indicted on RICO charges.

Benjamin “Topo” Peters [El Hoyo Soto], Reuben “Tupi” Hernandez [Ontario Black

Angeles], Raymond “Huero Shy” Shyrock [El Hoyo Soto], Michael “Musclehead”

Salinas [Orange County], David “Smilon” Gallardo [Big Hazard], Sammy “Negro”

Villalba, Richard “Ricky” Guitierez, Juan “China Boy” Arias, Alex “Pee Weee”

Aguirre [Avenues gang], Antonio “Tonito” Rodriquez, Ronald Ray “Champ”

Mendez [Orange County], Randy “Cowboy” Therrien [Bassett], Daniel “Black

Dan” Barela, Jesse “Pelon” Moreno, Victor “Victorio” Murillo [Salinas], Joe

“Shakey” Hernandez, Reuben “Night Owl” Castro [18th Street], George Bustamante

[associate] are amoung the indicted.

June 6, 1995

Benjamin “Topo” Peters and Reuben “Tupi” Hernandez plead not guilty in the

indictment which is known as the Mexican Mafia case.

September 21, 1995

Vincent Castro Caldera an Eme associate [anserwing to Alex “Pee Wee” Aguirre]

and leader of the Avenue’s gang is arrested in the murder of 3 year Stephanie

Kuhen. Her family had taken a wrong turn down a Los Angeles street and was

caught in a barage of gang gunfire. Avenue’s gang members Anthony Rodriquez,

Manuel Rosales and Hugo Gomez are also held.

October 20, 1995

San Bernardino Eme representative Phillip “Chano” Chavez [MVR] his cousin

Patricio Rocha and Margie Martinez are shot to death by Ernie “Leche” Carillo [Mt.

Vernon counts]in retaliation for Chano’s ordering the death of his nephew Michael

Carillo. Michael Carillo had failed to deliver on a promise he had while


November 24, 1995

Ernie Joe “Leche” Carillo Sr., is murdered in retaliation for the slaying of Eme

member Phillip “Chano” Chavez and two of his relatives the previous month.

December 27, 1995

Ignacio “Toby” and David Villa and Cathy Estrada “Ignacio’s wife,” for the murders

of Armando Castillo and Gilbert Hernandez. Their bodies were found May 9 in an

alley in the 600 block of State street in Upland, California.

November 20, 1996

13 of the orginal 22 indicted in the Mexican mafia case go to trial.

December 22, 1996

Former Eme hitman Johnny Torres enters testimony regarding the rules and

regulations emposed on its members by the Mexican mafia.

March 23, 1997

Ennis Cosby is found dead beside his car near the Los Angeles freeway. Mikhael

Markhasev a self described Mexican mafia member is arrested.

March 23, 1997

Chief prosecution witness Ernnest “Chuco” Castro [Vario Nuevo Estrada] wraps up

his testimony in the Eme trial.

April 28, 1997

Defense attorney’s rebut the governments case calling the Mexican Mafia

disorganized crime.

May 1997

Salvador Buenrostro appears as a defense witness in the Mexican mafia trial.

Buenrostro an inmate at Pelican Bay testifies that his stabbing at the Los Angeles

county jail by Topo Peters and Boxer Enriquez steemed from a personal dispute not

gang politics.

May 29, 1997

Victor “Victorio” Murillo is acquitted of all charges in the Mexican Mafia case.

Benjamin “Topo” Peters, Reuben “Tupi” Hernandez, Alex “Pee Wee” Aguirre,

“Shakey Joe” Hernandez, Daniel “Black Dan” Barela, Raymond “Huero Shy”

Shyrock, David “Smilon” Gallardo, Juan “China Boy” Arias, Reuben “Night Owl”

Castro, Randy “Cowboy” Therrien, Raymond “Champ” Mendez and Jesse “Pelon”

Moreno are all convicted.

June 3, 1997

Hugo Gomez, Manuel Rosales and Anthony Rodriquez are convicted of murdering

3 year old Stephanie Kuhen.

June 11, 1997

Richard Anthony Valdez and Jimmy Palma are sentenced to death for the murder of

Anthony and Maria Moreno, Gustavo Aguirre and Ambrose Padilla on April 22,

  1. Daniel Logan and Jose Ortiz were sentenced to 129 years to life earlier for

their parts in the murders.

July 3, 1997

Marcos Antonio Luna enters a guilty plea in the death of Stephanie Kuhen.

July 12, 1997

Placentia resident Paul Fix is shot to death during a robbery by Eme member Robert

“Gypsy” Cervantes.

August 2, 1997

Hugo David Gomez, Anthony Gabriel Rodriquez and Manuel Rosales Jr., are

sentenced to 54 years and 8 months to life in prison for the Kuhen death.

August 29, 1997

18 year old Avenues gang member Augustin Lizama is setenced to life in prison for

his role in the death of Stephanie Kuhen.

September 2, 1997

David “Smilon” Gallardo and Randy ” Cowboy” Therrien are sentenced to life in

prison without possibility of parole. Gallardo received and additional 300 months in

addition to the life sentence.

September 3, 1997

Benjamin “Topo” Peters, Raymond “Huero Shy” Shyrock, Reuben “Night Owl”

Castro are sentenced to life in prison without parole. Juan “China Boy” Arias (27) is

sentenced to 32 years in federal prison. U.S. District Judge Ronald S.W. Lew stated

he was giving Arias a break due to his youth. Judge Lew later sentenced Reuben

“Tupi” Hernandez to his fourth life term. Drawing the sentence were Daniel “black

Dan” Barela and Jesse “Pelon” Moreno. “Shakey” Joe Hernandez received a 32 year

federal term.

September 5, 1997

Judge Lew sentences Raymond “Champ” Mendez and Alex “Pee Wee” Aguirre to

life sentences.

September 12, 1997

A San Diego drug ring run by incarcerated Mexican Mafia Frank “Chino” Macias

Madriaga is broken up National City police.

September 27, 1997

Eme associate Reuben Gomez is charged with robbery and six counts of murder

committed within five months of his release from Pelican Bay State prison. Gomez

had been in custody since his capture on July 2 after a failed home invasion

robbery. All of the murders were committed against drug dealers who had balked or

fallen behind in their tax payments to the Mexican mafia. Arturo “Shady” Grajeda

an accomplice in two of the murders remained at large.

October 1997

Jimmy “Character” Palma is stabbed to death on Death Row by fellow inmates.

January 7, 1998

Luis “Pelon” Maciel is sentenced to death for ordering the murder of

Anthony “Dido” Moreno and 4 other members of his family.

April 4, 1998

Victor “Victorio” Murillo is shot dead in a parking lot in Visalia by Eme

member Charles “Chacho” Woody.

May 1, 1998

7 year old Mindy Flores is gunned down in her living room as shots intended

for her sisters boyfriend Armando Ibarra go astray. Ibarra was under

suspicion of providing information against an incarcerated Eme member. A

green light was issued okaying his death.

November 19, 1998

Richard Serrano, Jose Gutierrez and Enrique Delgadillo were shot to death

on the order of Mariano “Chuy” Martinez in a Montebello autoshop.

January 7, 1999

Michael Hutto is shot as he stood in the doorway of a home in Colton.

Edward and Anthony Hernandez [Northside Colton] are named as the prime

suspects. Hutto was green lighted by the Mexican Mafia after shortchanging

them in a drug deal. Northside Colton answers to Eme shotcaller Mark

“Turtle” Quiroz.

January 10, 1999

Arthur Daniel Flores [Northside Colton]and Joseph Caldera [Northside

Colton] are found shot to death within two blocks of one another on

Arrowhead Avenue in San Bernardino. Brothers Edward and Anthony

Hernandez are named as the prime suspects. Arthur Flores was killed hours

after he was taken into custody for questioning in the shooting of Hutto.

January 19, 1999

Edward and Anthony Hernandez are sentenced to 3 consecutive life

sentences in state prison for three murders.

February 2, 1999

16 members of the Mexican mafia are arrested in a predawn sweep. Cheif

amoung those arrested were Frank “Sapo” Fernandez [Palmdale], Jesse

“Shady” Detevis [South Gate], Juan “Topo” Garcia, Marcel “Psycho”

Arevalo, Daniel “Sporty” Bravo [all of Los Angeles] David Contreras

Gonzalez [Reseda] and James “Drak” Maxon [Los Angeles] and Jesus

“Dreamer” Ramirez [Los Angeles] eluded arrest in the raid.

July 1, 1999

United States Attorney Alejandro Mayorkas announces a third federal

indictment aimed at the Mexican Mafia. Javier Duarte, Gerardo “Blanco”

Jacobo, Adrian Nieto, Sally Peters [wife of Eme godfather Benjamin Peters],

Suzanne Schoenberg [wife of Eme member James “Smokey” Sanchez],

Crispin “Conejo” Alvidrez, Fernando “Cuate” Alvidrez, Mario “Whisper”

Castillo, Rolando “Rolo” Ontiveros, Dominick “Solo” Gonzalez, Margaret

Farrell, Veronica Rodriquez, Guadalupe Juarez, Carlos “Cheeks” Aguilar,

Reuben “Toker” Rojas and Joe “Inch” Annet are all named in this round.

September 1, 1999

Isaac Aguirre and Vincente Meza and Jesse “Jess Dog aka Worm” Chavez

[Sur Crazy Ones] are arrested for the murder of Mindy Flores and the

attempted murder of Armando Ibarra. .

November 19, 1999

Ricardo Cruz “described as an Eme wannabe,” is sentenced to 28 years to life

for the murder of Rudy Saenz in Coachella. .

February 21, 2000

The Mexican mafia organizes a riot in Pelican Bay which pits it’s southern

allies against black inmates.

April 13, 2000

Frank “Chino” Madriaga is convicted of drug and extortion charges.

July 9, 2000

Seventh Street gang leader Johnny Agudo and his brother Gilbert are among

4 homicide victims gunned down by fellow Mexican mafia associates. The

murders were reportedly ordered by Inland Empire Eme representative

Salvador Orozco Hernandez in retaliation for Agudo reportedly telling police

about Hernandez’s drug dealing activities. The murders came three days after

Agudo had been released from prison. Other sources claim Agudo arrived

with orders to takeover the Inland Empire drug trade from the Hernandez

brothers who themselves had fallen under the suspicion of imprisoned prison

gang leaders for dealing with law enforcement and pocketing a portion of the

tax money to be sent up the ladder.

July 17, 2000

Frank Macias Madriaga “Chino” is sentenced to 29 years and four months.

Septembr 8, 2000

SAN BERNARDINO – 11 members and associates of the Mexican mafia are

arrested in the Inland Empire. Antonio Hernandez, Santos Hernandez,

Adolph Moraga, Sadie Ramirez, Judy Alvarado, Paul Flores, Monica

Rodriquez, Alfredo Valdez, Raul Ramirez, Alfonzo Aguila and Danny Hanks

are charged with operating a drug ring with connections to a Mexican cartel.

October 6, 2000

Alfred Arthur Sandoval the highest ranking Eme member on Death Row in

California has his death sentence for the murder of Marlene Wells overturned

by the federal 9th Circuit Court of Appeals.

October 24, 2000

Frank “Sapo” Fernandez, Jimmy “Drak” Sanchez, Robert Cervantes,

Dominick “Solo” Gonzalez, Roy “Spider” Gavaldon, Sally Peters, Susanne

Schoenberg, Juan “Topo” are convicted of racketeering. Adrian Nieto was

acquitted of three counts of concpiracy to commit murder and one count of

racketeering. Mariano “Chuy” Martinez Varrio Nuevo Estrada was tried

seperately as he faced a possible death sentence for his involvement in the

crimes detailed in the indictment.

November 26, 2000

The racketeering trial of Mariano “Chuy” Martinez begins in Los Angeles

federal court.

January 6, 2001

Robert “Gypsy” Cervantes and David Gonzales Contreras are sentenced to

life in federal prison without parole for murder and racketeering.

January 7, 2001

Robert “Gypsy” Cervantes [Arta 13]is ordered moved from state prison to a

federal facility to break his influence in the Mexican Mafia.

February 2001

Benjamin “Topo” Peters dies of cancer at the age of 60. Once viewed as the

sucessor to Joe Morgan as the Eme godfather, Peters had warned CDC staff

that he was a target for assault by Eme members due to his illness and

inability to function as an active member.

February 8, 2001

Petra Celia Gonzales [wife of Eme leader Fred “Sapo” Gonzales and mother

of Dominique “Nick” Gonzales convicted Eme associate] arrested as the head

of a mail fraud ring from her Palmdale home.

February 15, 2001

Mariano “Chuy” Martinez is convcited of racketeering charges after 26 days

of deliberation by the jury.

March 2001

Michael “Hacha” Ison is beaten to death outside a pool hall near San

Francisco’s skid row.

March 29, 2001

A.-Anthony Angulo and Ricky Camacho are convicted of killing Genaro

Martinez. Martinez “the brother of a high ranking Eme member Eulalio

“Lalo” Martinez,” was shot in the back on April 25, 2000.

B.-First degree murder charges were filed against Jose Luis “Clever”

Sanchez an Eme member from Los Angeles for his role in planning a riot at

Pelican Bay which pitted southern Latino inmates against black prisoners.

Miguel “Sharky” Sanchez “also from Los Angeles,” was killed when a

correctional officer opened fire on the rioting inmates on February 23, 2001.

28 inmates were injured in the riot three of which suffered gunshot wounds.

The riot was ordered by Eme legend Alfred “Alfie” Sosa and Eulalio “Lalo”


April 30, 2001

Catarino “Termite” Gonzalez Jr., [18th Street] goes on trial for the murder of

LAPD officer Filbert Cuesta on August 9, 1998.

November 26, 2001

John “Stranger” Turscak [Rockwoood gang] former street general turned FBI

informant is sentenced to 30 years in prison for crimes committed while he

was an FBI informant.

November 28, 2001

Eme associated gang members ambush three L.A. county sheriff’s deputies in

the Inmate Reception Center downtown Los Angeles.

December 10, 2001

Inmate Antonio Haro slashes the kneck of deputy Chris Varela at the inmate

reception center in Los Angeles. The attack was ordered by the Mexican

mafia in response to a crack down by jail officials who became suspicious of

a large number of high ranking Eme leaders called as character witnesses in a

court case in Los Angeles.

March 21, 2002

Racketeering trial of Frank “Pancho Villa” Martinez mexican mafia member

and shotcaller for the Columbia lil’ cycos clique of the 18th street gang


March 22, 2002

Rene “Boxer” Enriquez (Arta) agrees to debrief effectively ending his reign

as one of Eme’s feared and respected leaders.

June 9, 2002

Mariano “Chuy” Martinez is sentenced to life without parole plus 130 years

in federal prison for his role in directing the Mexican mafia’s activity in Los

Angeles on behalf of godfather Benjamin “Topo” Peters.

December 13, 2002

Anthony ‘Coco’ Zaragoza 18th street Cls shotcaller is sentenced to life in

federal prison.

January 2, 2003

Jesus “Gizmo” Rochin former #3 man in Chuy Martinez’s crew is sentenced

to 12 years in prison for racketeering, attempted murder, assault and

narcotics conspiracy. Rochin became a prosecution witness to avoid a life


February 4, 2003

Francisco ‘Puppet’ Martinez is sentenced to life in prison plus 60 years after

being convicted of running the Columbia lil cycos clique a branch of the 18th

street gang that runs McArthur Park in Los Angeles.

February 19, 2003

Max “Mono” Torvisco is sentenced to 10 years in federal prison as part of a

plea agreement in the Chuy Martinez case. Torvisco will have to serve 85%

of his time before becoming parole eligible.

January 28, 2004

Sergio Pulido Perez, 47; Leonard Parmer, 19; Denise Ortega, 27; Pamela

Thompson, 39; Jaime Lopez Jr., 27; Julio Contreras, 24; Arthur Genaro

Torres, 46; and Christina Montano, 24 enter not guilty pleas in connection

with the San Diego Marquez Mexican mafia case.

June 08, 2004

Ricardo “Rock” Marquez 36, of La Mesa pled guilty to conspiracy to

distribute 33,000 tablets of ecstasy drug and possessing an unregistered

automatic rifle. Authorities charged Marquez “the brother of imprisoned Eme

liason Alberto “Bat” Maruez,” with participating in a ring with smuggled

ecstasy from the Netherlands through Mexico into the United States in

conjunction with the Arrellano Felix drug cartel.

August 20, 2004

Avenues gang members Gilbert Saldana, Merced Cambrero, Alexjandro

Martinez and Fernando Cazares are charged with federal weapons and civil

rights violations in the death of Kenneth Kurry Wilson.

December 20, 2004

An investigation looking into the financial dealings of the Mexican Mafia is

launched after San Diego Eme leader Frank Macias “Chino” Madriaga

amasses $40,000 in his inmate account a portion of which he shared with

Eme leaders at Pelican Bay.

Oct. 29, 2007

Riverside, Ca. The Mexican Mafia’s #2 man in the Coachella Valley, Tony

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, appeared on drug-traficking chrages in a Riverside


June 05, 2008

Imprisoned Mexican mafia leader Jose Alberto

“Bat” Marquez, Julia Morones, Maria “Kika” Madriaga, Brian

Mark “Dusty” Smith, Juan Manuel “Manny” Velarde, Marco

Corrado, Ruben Santos, Rolando “Rolo” Montemayor and

Jorge Lopez-Herrera aka Pedro Bombas are indicted in federal

court. The indictment charges that the defendants participated

in a conspiracy to distribute Methamphetamine. Mari

“Scorpion” Bejar was also charged with aiding and abetting the

other defendants in the commission of their crimes. Authorities

charge Marquez with orchastrating a methamphetamine deal 3

months after authorities extradited him from a Mexico city

maximum security prison and lodged him in an federal facility

near San Diego. All the defendants used their ties and influence

over San Diego street gangs “South Side Mob, Logan Heights

Red Steps, Shelltown and Del Sol,” to further their criminal


August 7, 2008

Mexican Mafia Ruben “Night Owl” Castro

accused of running Los Angeles street gangs from behind bars

asked to withdraw his guilty plea to federal charges. Ruben

Castro told a Los Angeles federal judge that he “made a big

mistake” when he entered the guilty pleas to racketeering and

conspiracy to sell cocaine. The 48-year-old was set to be

sentenced and could have received 27 years in prison.

Arguments on his plea change will be heard in October.

Prosecutors charged that Castro ran two branches of a drugdealing

Los Angeles street gang from behind bars while serving

a life sentence in Colorado for a 1997 racketeering conviction…

August 12, 2008

A jury ordered the death penalty for two gang members Luis “Maldito” Mendoza and Lorenzo Arias

in the Dead Presidents case. They are set to be sentenced Sept.

  1.  Mendoza and Arias, both members of the 7th Street Locos

had grown up with the victims and were carrying out an order

by members of the Mexican Mafia prison gang. The case was

viewed as an example of how Mexican Mafia influence has

forced some Latino street gangs to turn on their own members.

August 15, 2008

Mexican Mafia member Juvenal Vega-Soto,

52, was sentenced Thursday to a life prison term for his role in

a conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine. Vega-Soto was

one of 35 people convicted in the conspiracy, which involved

two murders, extortion, robberies and narcotics trafficking.

Seven other defendants were sentenced to life terms in March,

and the kingpin is set to be sentenced in October. Vega-Soto

was convicted by a jury in April after being extradited from


August 28, 2008

Mexican Mafia leaders Salvador Orozco Hernandez, 43, and his brother Alfred Hernandez is

sentenced to serve 10 years in prison for his role in a

conspiracy case. Both pleaded guilty to one count of attempted

murder with a gang enhancement. Alfred Hernandez will serve

2 years of a possible six year term for his role in the Eme case

tried in San Bernardino.

September 09, 2008

San Bernardino Seventh Street gang leaders Luis Mendoza and Lorenzo Arias receive the death

penalty for the murders of 4 fellow gang members in July 2004.

The murders were committed on the order of Inland Empire

shotcaller Salvador Orozco Hernandez.

September 11, 2008

Eme members Ricardo Polanco 26, and Arthur Garcia 37, received sentences of 50 and 55 years to life for the murder of Frankie “Frankie B” Buelna in 2005. Buelna was green lighted by longtime Eme enforcer Darryl Castrejon for ollecting taxes in his area without authorization. Castrejon is cheduled to appear in court September 24 in Pomona.

September 17, 2008

Janette V. Amaya 51, a tax collector for Inland Empire shotcaller Salvador Orozco Hernandez

receives a six year prison term after pleading no contest to a charge of transporting heroin for sale. Amaya also pled no contest to charges of violating probation in cases involving real-estate fraud and drug transportation. Amaya was convicted of the special circumstance of being a gang member and was alledged to have “recruited females to run guns and drugs anddo other business for the Mexican Mafia.

September 24, 2008

Leonard Epps, 37, victim of a plot initiated by San Manuel tribe members Stacy Nunez-Barajas

35, and Erik Barajas 25, “confirmed members of the 7th street gang,” filed a $50 million dollar law suit alleging conspiracy to commit murder, negligence and intentional infliction of mental distress. Mexican mafia leaders Salvador Hernandez, 43, and Alfred Hernandez, 39 and eme associates Jennifer Murphy 27,and Jesus Leyva, 34 were named as co-defendants.

October 2, 2008

Albert Angel “Spanky” Amaya, 40 a reputed tax collector for Emero Salvador Hernandez is

sentenced to serve a mandatory 25 years to life sentence under the three stikes law. Amaya was convicted of extortion and carjacking resulting from a 2006 incident involving Javier Joaquin Luique, 33 a suspect in a 2006 double homicide. Luque received 32 years on the carjacking charge and faces the deathpenalty in the seperate homicide case.

November 5, 2008

Stacy Cheyenne Nunez-Barajas, 26, was sentenced to one year electronic monitoring and her

brother Eric Barajas, 36, received six months electronic monitoring for their roles in a series of crims involving the Mexican Mafia and its role in the Southern California methamphetamine trade. Stacy Nunez-Brarajas faced a possible 27 years in prison for her role in the conspiracy.

November 18, 2008

Ruben “Nite Owl” Castro, 48, was sentenced to an add itional 27 years and 3 months in federal

prison after admitting to running a criminal enterprise from hismaximum security cell in Florence, Colorado. Castro aveterano from 18th street, used his influence to enforce taxpayments on drug, fruit and ice cream sales as well as chessplayers at tables in McArthur Park. Castro is already servingthree life sentences after a 1997 conviction on racketeering andconspiracy.

December 8, 2008

Nine leaders of the 18th Street gang are named in a suit filed by Los Angeles city attorney Rock

Delgadillo demanding civil damages on behalf of residents of two Los Angeles neighborhoods. According to the suit, proceeds from the suit “if successful,” would be returned to the neighborhoods in question: The leaders named in the suit are

Sergio “Tricky” Pantoja, Frank “Puppet” Martinez, Araceli

“Traviesa” Bravo, Michael “Mousie” Pineda, Jose Juan

“Wicked” Alvarez, Noe “Lil Duster” Chavez, Efrain “Dandy

Boy” Ruiz Torres, Jose “Toro” Morales Perez and Ruben “Nite

Owl” Castro.

Castro, 46, is a leading figure in the Mexican Mafia, controlling two of the cliques associated with the 18th

Street gang — the Shatto Park Locos and the Hoover Locos. Castro was recently sentenced on charges of having run those gang cliques from the federal maximum-security prison in Florence Colorado, where he is serving multiple life terms. Hewas sentenced November 18 to serve an additional 27 years andthree months for racketeering. Frank “Puppet” Martinez is another La Eme carnal, is alleged to have brought as much as$40,000 a month from criminal activity. Authorities confiscateda stash in excess of $440,000 from the home of one of Martinez’s relatives which was collected in connection with18th street gang criminal dealings

January 12, 2009

Ten Mexican Mafia members from Florencia 13 are convicted on multiple counts of drug and weapons charges. The case featured several news accounts of Florencia 13 gang members targeting blacks in the Florence-Firestone neighborhood on the order of Arturo “AC” Castellanos.

According to prosecutors, Florencia members began an ethnic cleansing process after receiving the order from Castellanos in 2004. The race based order is just one of many which filteredfrom the California prison system in the aftermath of the 1992gang truce and L.A., riots.

January 16, 2009

Raul Leon, one of the most highly regarded

members of the Mexican Mafia from the San Diego area was

sentenced in federal court to life without parole by U.S. District

Court Judge Dana M. Sabraw. Already serving a life sentence

for murder, Leon pleaded guilty to federal racketeering charges

in connection with a 2006 federal indictment charging 36

members of La Eme with various crimes. Part of Leon’s plea

agreement includes an admission from Leon that he took part in

the 2002 murder of Jabila Barragan at High Desert State Prison

in Susanville. He also admitted being a member of the Mexican

Mafia and conspiring to distribute drugs and launder money

from Pelican Bay State Prison.

January 17, 2009

Julio Ponce Felix Jr., 35, was sentenced to 85

years to life for his role in the murder of Frankie Buelna. Police

interrupted the plot the plot in 2005. Buelna was killed in an

unrelated shooting a year later over unauthorized criminal

activity in another Mexican mafia members territory.

January 27, 2009

Daryl Castrejon., 49, failed to appear at a court

hearing in Pomona Superior Court for the first time in three

years. It was initially believed that Castrejon had been arrested

on a cold case murder January 24 but check with local and

federal authorities found this to have been a matter of

speculation. Speculation ran wild as to the whereabouts of the

eme veterano yet nothing concrete.

February 13, 2009

San Diego La Eme members Mauricio “Psycho” Mendez, Ernest

“Criminal” Soqui, Phillip “Chino” McMillen, Arcadio “Mugsy”

Nieto, Ruben “Espanto” Rivas, Garrett “Chino” Estock, Ernest

“Dopey” Lampley, Rosario “Chaio” Mercado, Melvin “Casper”

Berg, Rodolfo “Crazy” Lopez, Gerardo “Pirate aka Looney”

Canela, Eduardo “Funny” Macias, Jorge “Blue” Lerma-Duenas

and Jesus Rodriquez were named in an indictment charging

them with being employed by and associating with the Mexican

Mafia and each other under Title 18 violations in San Diego

and Union city.


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